Business aircraft 运营商 flying disaster relief missions will often encounter limited resources and frequently changing circumstances on the ground. 有这么多额外的变量, it’s critical that any relief effort be carefully planned to ensure that it effectively and safely assists those in need. 的 病人空运服务(PALS)天空希望救灾计划 recommends following these best practices when preparing to fly volunteer missions.
Operators flying into a disaster zone must deal with congested airspace and airports, constantly-changing information, and a multitude of organizations and agencies working to determine the best use of resources at any given moment. In these turbulent situations, unexpected arrivals can jeopardize the ability of ground teams to efficiently distribute supplies. Coordinating with a disaster relief charity ensures 运营商 have the most up-to-date information about how best to serve the needs of the affected communities.
Fly with two experienced pilots
不仅是救灾飞行的工作量巨大, but the abnormal conditions can also make typically routine flight plans far more challenging. In these situations, 操作人员应仅依赖类型额定, 当前的飞行员, 最好是有飞到受灾地区经验的人.
Check frequently, and again prior to departure, as circumstances on the ground can change rapidly and NOTAMS and TFRs can be implemented at any time. Operators should also call ahead to FBOs and airports before departure as they may have additional information not included in a NOTAM.
在受影响地区的飞行行动可能会大量进行, 特别是随着直升机空中交通的增加, 雷达和跟随航班可能可用，也可能不可用. In this congested airspace, PALS recommends that only aircraft with TCAS equipped should be operated.
Fuel is likely to be in short supply or more difficult to procure than usually expected. Operators should plan accordingly to ensure they’re carrying enough fuel to safely return no matter what the situation is like on the ground. 的 same applies for mechanical problems – resources to help fix flat tires or other aircraft discrepancies will likely not be available, so consider carrying spare parts to address any common mechanical issues that arise.
的 situation on the ground will be constantly changing as natural and human forces affect the disaster area. 从安全问题到意外撤离人员, be prepared to deal with a volatile situation that can complicate even the most carefully planned operation.
出于好奇而乘坐飞机显然是不鼓励的, 但在任务实际上结束后，捐赠的航班也同样如此. One of the most important things a community can do after a disaster is resume normal economic operations, 大量的捐赠物资或航班会破坏这一过程.